HTML5: The latest HTML version
HTML5 stands for “hypertext markup language version 5” and is the latest HTML specification. This fifth version of HTML is regarded to represent a major departure from previous markup techniques. The language was changed to standardize its use among developers who were discovering new uses for it. This version is the current web development best practices.
Most HTML5 changes are related to the new language aims that have been developed for years. Among the goals are:
- Separating design and content
- Promoting semantic markup
- Elimination of Plugins with Rich Media Support
- Encouraging design and accessibility
Learning HTML5 is like learning which CSS features replace HTML features. This is incorrect since learning HTML5 requires understanding how these new goals influenced the language’s evolution.
While certain features overlap, each language serves a distinct purpose. Here are the details:
CSS → Style or Design
HTML → Text or Content
Creating a Content-Design Divide
HTML5 prohibits meaningless markup. Non-meaningful markup is markup that tells the browser how to display material. Meaningless markup includes:
- Text color and font declaration
- Alignment & Justification
- Table border settings
- Defining image text wrapping
Most HTML capabilities that allow these functions have been totally deprecated. Some are still available, but their usage is not encouraged.
Two good arguments justify the separation:
- Redesigning and updating a site is easier when style declarations are limited to CSS.
- Various devices are used to access the material. Some design and style choices work in one setting but not in another. It’s preferable to offer semantic information so content can adapt.
Using Semantic Markup
Semantic markup is markup with meaning. For example, the tag h1 implies that the text is a headline or document title. You may make the text larger and bold without using the h1 element. Semantic markup was accessible in all prior HTML versions. Document information, header tags, and the link rel property may all be affected.
Earlier versions of the language had components that shared a structure. This includes menus and headers. In HTML, the div tag denoted each one. The newer semantic components organize a page. Here are the basic structural elements:
Text-level (inline) elements are new to HTML. Address and time are two new text-level components. A webpage with these components may be quickly found by services and search engines. A semantic meaning has been added to existing text-level components like italic, bold, and underline.
Accessibility and Design Responsivity
The internet is viewed in many ways. Phones, tablets, and computers are examples of devices. These gadgets display the internet in a range of screen sizes. This diversity in screen size, resolution and other factors encourages responsive and semantic design.
People with visual impairments may now use the internet. Screen reading, translation, magnification, braille interpretation, and keyboard navigation are available. All of these technologies let disabled people engage with websites.
Markup language tries to hard-code styling and design into the page text.
Elimination of Plugins for Rich Media Experiences
Internet usage has grown due to better internet connections. HTML was not intended for this purpose. It was designed to support hypertext documents with pictures but neither video nor audio.
Initially, users had to install plugins in their browsers to view video and music. These plugins were not user-friendly. To access content, upgrades were necessary. Options were limited, and security was often an issue. The necessity to build web pages in Java and Flash was inefficient for developers.
HTML5 now supports the following media elements:
HTML5 will remain the web development standard until new difficulties arise or modifications are required to accommodate new technologies.
Although the author believes this material is correct, it does not replace formal, personalized advice from a trained expert.