What is a Tense? Types of Tense – Depth Explained with Examples

First of all, I would like to be clear with the term ‘Tense’. It is nowhere related to tension or some psychological term, okay! So, what is a tense? In this post, we’ll go through it and the types of Tense in detail.

Tense in English grammar describes the time at which an event or action took place, defining or indicating the actual occurrence of the verb. Because tenses assist us determine whether the event occurred in the past, present or future; they are critical. Grammatical tenses are divided into three categories: past, present, and future. With this basic example, we can better grasp the concept. Take a look at the following examples:

  • I am going to the office.

In the above sentence, the speaker is referring to the present time, i.e., he is currently on his way to his office.

  • I went to the office.

In the above sentence, the speaker is reminiscing about a time when he was still in office.

  • I will go to the office.

In the above sentence, the speaker intends to attend school in the future, and this statement refers to that period.

Determine the future tense of the verb ‘go,’ the past tense of ‘went,’ and the present tense of ‘going. All of these verb tenses specify when an event takes place.

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Types of Tenses

Other than the three primary tenses, we shall learn more about the several subtypes of each of these tenses.

1) Present Tense

In the list of types of tense, the first type of tense is Present Tense. An activity that is now taking place or being performed constantly is described in the present tense of the verb. Examples of sentences in the present tense include: She is singing, it is pouring, a Hindi movie is playing at the theatre, and so on. In other words, it’s pouring, it’s singing, and it appears. The four varieties of the present tense are listed below.

1. Simple Present Tense

An incident, person, or even oneself can be described in the present tense by using the Simple Present Tense. For example, “I work for the Bank of America,” “Tom eats bread every day,” and “You look fatigued” are all examples of simple present tense.

2. Present Continuous or Present Progressive Tense

Real-time situations are described in the Present Continuous or Present Progressive Tense. When using the present continuous tense, the verbs commonly finish in –ing, which is a shorthand way of saying (subject + verb in an “ing” pattern). Singing, writing, laughing, etc. are all examples.

3. Present Perfect Tense

Share something that happened in the past but still applies to the current situation using the Present Perfect Tense. (subject+have/has+main verb past form) is the formula for it. For example, I’ve worked at the restaurant for five years and have eaten burgers and fries, but I’ve never had chicken. We’ll go into more depth on this tense type in the future.

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Using the Present Perfect Continuous Tense, we may talk about things we’ve done and are doing right now in the present. As an example, I have been doing this all day, and he has been sleeping since the morning, hence the formula for Present Perfect Continuous Tense is (subject + have/has been + ing verb form).

2) Past Tense

In the list of types of tense, the second type of tense is Past Tense. Verbs in the past tense refer to events that occurred in the past, rather than events that are now taking place. As an example, Sally wrote to the Chairman of the Board, I went to the doctor, and so on. The past tenses of the verbs, such as ate, wrote, and gone, are used in all of the sentences. With the past tense, you may talk about something that happened only five minutes ago or something that happened five years ago. The following are subtypes of the past tense.

1. Simple Past Tense

To describe an event that occurred at some point in the past, use the Past Tense. A simple past tense formula is (subject + past verb). For instance, I had pizza the other day, Sally went to the doctor, and He sang extremely well, among other examples.

2. Past Continuous or Past Progressive Tense

Pat’s current or previous To describe events that have occurred over a long period, Progressive Tense is utilised. (subject + was/were + verb with the ‘ing’ suffix) is the fundamental Past Continuous Formula.

For example, Rony was dancing; They were singing, etc.

3. Past Perfect Tense

When describing something that happened in the past but is still relevant today, the Past Perfect Tense is the best choice. (subject + had + past form of main verb).

For example, Johnny had eaten a lot and went to sleep immediately; She did well and was confident enough.

4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Continuous Tense indicates events that have occurred in the past but are no longer occurring. Subject + had been + ing form of the verb is the basic formula for the past perfect continuous.

For example, Loretta had been singing

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3) Future Tense

In the list of types of tense, the third type of tense is Future Tense. The Future Tense refers to events that have not yet occurred but might occur at any time. It may be the next second or the next decade, depending on the context. For example, Jane will meet Sally, I will go swimming, and so on. The Future Tense can be further broken down into four categories, as follows:…

1. Simple Future Tense

The easiest approach to represent future events is to use the Simple Future Tense. (Subject + auxiliary verb or modal + verb) is the simplest formula for the Future Tense. The chance of an event occurring is expressed using the modal verb form. The following are examples of modals (auxiliary verbs): will, might, might, might, might, etc.

For example, Ricky might go to school tomorrow, Trump might go to Washington, etc.

2. Future Continuous or Future Progressive Tense

Tense that refers to events that will continue to happen in the future is Future Continuous Tense.

It is possible to express the future continuous tense in the following ways: I will be enjoying the party; Singh will be singing tonight, etc.

3. Future Perfect Tense

The perfect tense of the future refers to an event that will have occurred up to a specific future point in time. (subject + will + have + main verb past form) is the formula for the Future Perfect Tense.

For example, she will have worked for 10 years from coming Sunday.

4. Future Perfect continuous Tense

Using the Future Perfect Continuous tense, we may talk about something that will happen in the future up to a specific date and time. (subject + modal + have been + ing form of verb) is the basic formula for the Future Perfect Continuous Tense.

For example, I will have been driving for 10 hours so I don’t think that I will like to go to work.


That’s it for the post. We’ve explained to you with a bunch of examples about Tense and types of tense. Make sure you provide feedback in the comments about the quality of content and if you understand it well or not!

Founder and Chief Editor of Network Herald. A passionate Blogger, Content Writer from Mumbai. Loves to cover every current affair in terms of technology. He writes about the how-to guides, tips and tricks, top list articles.

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