- What Do We Mean When We Talk About Digital Accessibility?
- Consequences of Using Compliance-Based Methodology
- Why Improving Digital Accessibility Is Important?
- Why “Accessibility Debt” Is a Concern for You
- Making the Internet more accessible to people with disabilities
- Creating a More Accessible Environment Using Universal Design
For programmers, understanding digital accessibility is becoming increasingly important. In Domino’s vs. Robles, the US Supreme Court will determine in 2020 that the internet and apps are “places” under the ADA. Individuals with disabilities who find digital apps inaccessible can now bring a lawsuit.
Many developers have a moral commitment to increase accessibility, not merely because it is required by law. When this happened, Electronic Arts decided to let other developers use its accessibility patents to create more inclusive games.
Accessibility is clearly on the rise. Programmers of all stripes will need to have a firm grasp on how to incorporate accessibility into their work soon.
Also Read: What Is Codeless Programming?
What Do We Mean When We Talk About Digital Accessibility?
Disabled persons can use digital items, such as applications and websites if they are made accessible to them. For example, video conferencing applications should offer captions so that persons who are deaf or hard of hearing may follow along. In certain cases, this might involve adding alt text to photos so that screen readers can interpret the visuals to the visually impaired.
The World Wide Web Consortium’s Web Content Accessibility Recommendations (WCAG) are the most generally utilised guidelines for accessibility (W3C).
WCAG 2.2, the latest set of recommendations, was released in late 2021. Perceptible, operable, intelligible, and resilient are the four pillars of digital accessibility that these recommendations focus on.
In each part, we look at how individuals with different sorts of disabilities or assistive devices utilise technology, and how programmers should design for such situations.
There are three levels of conformance: Level A, Level AA, and Level AAA, with Level A serving as a minimal standard and Level AAA serving to address more sophisticated and particular concerns of accessibility that improve the experience of people with disabilities.
Consequences of Using Compliance-Based Methodology
Traditional methods to digital accessibility have two major flaws. When a new inaccessible technology or practice emerges, it might take several years before rules are developed to address it.
Since WCAG 2.2 was released more than a year late, and WCAG 3.0 has been in the works for years, it’s evident that the accessibility rules now in use were out of date even before they were published.
The second issue is more difficult to grasp for many programmers. So what’s wrong with these guidelines?
Also Read: What Is HTML5? Why You Should Learn It?
Why Improving Digital Accessibility Is Important?
When it comes to digital accessibility, many developers are utilising a cookie-cutter approach that focuses excessively on adhering to WCAG criteria, when the process of designing for accessibility should be more dynamic.
Developers who adhere to standards assume that if they just check all the boxes, their products will be universally accessible. However, this is just not the case. When it comes to ADA lawsuits, a company’s claim that it followed WCAG requirements may not be adequate.
Why? When it comes to accessibility, even if your project or website meets the requirements of Level AAA, this does not guarantee that it is accessible.
There may come a day in the future when new legislation or case law mandates that developers make their work more accessible to a larger audience.
Why “Accessibility Debt” Is a Concern for You
“Tech debt” is a term that most programmers are acquainted with. It explains the effects of code that rely on the simplest methods rather than the most effective ones. To avoid future remedial efforts, this is frequently the cause of less-than-optimal code.
A comparable idea is that of “accessibility debt.” It’s a term used to describe products and services that are already on the market or in production but are not yet completely accessible due to a lack of resources (time, effort, and money). This accessibility debt accumulates over time and across goods and websites and fixing it becomes prohibitively expensive.
Programmers aren’t simply making it more difficult for individuals with disabilities to utilise their products by failing to address accessibility concerns today. If legislation or accessibility requirements change, they’ll be liable to their companies.
Making the Internet more accessible to people with disabilities
Many programmers have a poor understanding of what disability is, which is a major roadblock to building more accessible technology. Product and UX teams typically utilise accessibility personas that focus on well-known impairments such as blindness, deafness, or paralysis to help guide their designs.
Programmers may be aware of the need to design for epileptics, but they may overlook the accessibility demands of those who suffer from severe migraines.
There is also the fact that these personas do not include those with multiple impairments or those who require a wide range of assistive technology. A popular voice-to-text programme, for example, can’t be utilised if high contrast mode is activated.
This is an astonishing error by the development team for a product that is regularly used as an assistive device by persons with visual problems, a population for which high contrast mode is typically important.
Creating a More Accessible Environment Using Universal Design
As a result, what can be done by a coder to improve accessibility? WCAG 2.2 encourages a certain way of thinking about accessibility, which is that it may be achieved through a series of well-defined design and programming interventions.
With universal design principles, which are part of the inclusive design movement, programmers may rethink their designs and modify the way they work to make their products more accessible for people of all abilities right from the beginning of the issue description stage.
The seven universal design principles are equitable usage, flexibility in use, simple and intuitive use, visible information, tolerance for mistakes, minimal physical effort, and size and space for approaches and uses.
At first sight, they appear to produce code that adheres to the WCAG 2.2 standards. It’s important to note, however, that designers start by considering these principles as core to their design for all users rather than focusing on conforming designs that were made for the “typical user” to accessibility requirements later.
This changes the way problems are defined and designed since it assumes all users may have some form of handicap. As a result, businesses can save money, as adding accessibility features after the fact increases the amount of time and money needed to finish a project.
Products built according to the principles of universal design are frequently more useable for everyone.
Because human disabilities are multi-faceted and the accessibility demands of diverse handicapped persons often clash, nothing can ever be completely accessible. Programmers, on the other hand, should spend more time focusing on the requirements of handicapped users, universal design, and design justice.
Because human disabilities are diverse and the accessibility requirements of various handicapped persons sometimes clash, nothing will ever be completely accessible. Programmers, on the other hand, should spend more time focusing on the requirements of handicapped users, universal design, and design justice.